Glossary of Terms


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Proposed Product Category Rules (PCR)

Proposed Product Category Rules (PCR) For Preparing an Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) for Rigid and Flexible Building Piping Systems in North America is available for 30-day public comment. Please email all comments regarding the PCR to

Glossary of Terms

The following is a glossary of terms referenced in ISO environmental standards:

Consumer – individual member of the general public purchasing or using goods, property or services for private purposes.

Environmental Aspect – element of an organization’s activities, products or services that can interact with the environment.

Environmental Impact – any change to the environment, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from an organization’s environmental aspects.

Environmental Label, Environmental Declaration – claim which indicates the environmental aspects of a product or service.

NOTE: An environmental label or declaration may take the form of a statement, symbol or graphic on a product or package label, in product literature, in technical bulletins, in advertising or in publicity, amongst other things.

Functional Unit – quantified performance of a product system for use as a reference unit.

Information Module – compilation of data to be used as a basis for a Type III environmental declaration, covering a unit process or a combination of unit processes that are part of the life cycle of a product.

Interested Party – person or body interested in or affected by the development and use of a Type III environmental declaration.

Life Cycle – consecutive and interlinked stages of a product system, from raw material acquisition or generation from natural resources to final disposal.

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) – compilation and evaluation of the inputs, outputs and the potential environmental impacts of a product system throughout its life cycle.

Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) – phase of life cycle assessment aimed at understanding and evaluating the magnitude and significance of the potential environmental impacts for a product system throughout the life cycle of the product.

PCR Review – process whereby a third party panel verifies the product category rules.

Product – any goods or service.

Product Category – group of products that can fulfill equivalent functions.

Product Category Rules (PCR) – set of specific rules, requirements and guidelines for developing Type III environmental declarations for one or more product categories.

Program Operator – body or bodies that conduct a Type III environmental declaration program.

NOTE: A program operator can be a company or a group of companies, industrial sector or trade association, public authorities or agencies, or an independent scientific body or other organization.

Third Party – person or body that is recognized as being independent of the parties involved, as concerns the issues in question.

NOTE: “Parties involved” are usually supplier (“first party”) and purchaser (“second party”) interests.

Type III Environmental Declaration – environmental declaration providing quantified environmental data using predetermined parameters and, where relevant, additional environmental information.

NOTE 1: The predetermined parameters are based on the ISO 14040 series of standards, which is made up of ISO 14040 and ISO 14044.

NOTE 2: The additional environmental information may be quantitative or qualitative.

Type III Environmental Declaration Program – voluntary program for the development and use of Type III environmental declarations, based on a set of operating rules.

Verifier – person or body that carries out verification.